Naples Cathedral, Naples

The Naples Cathedral (Italian: Duomo di Napoli; Neapolitan: Viscuvato 'e Napule), or Cathedral of the Assumption of Mary (Italian: Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta), is a Roman Catholic cathedral, the main church of Naples, southern Italy, and the seat of the Archbishop of Naples. It is widely known as the Cattedrale di San Gennaro (Cathedral of Saint Januarius), in honor of the city's patron saint.

The present cathedral in Angevin gothic style was commissioned by King Charles I of Anjou. Construction continued during the reign of his successor, Charles II (1285-1309), and was completed in the early 14th century under Robert of Anjou. It was built on the foundations of two palaeo-Christian basilicas, whose traces can still be clearly seen. Underneath the building excavations have revealed Greek and Roman artifacts.

The Archbishop's Palace adjoins the cathedral.

Interior and artwork

The cathedral gives access to the archaeological remains in the crypt of the neighboring original palaeochristian church of Santa Restituta where there is a Greek wall belonging to the temple of Apollo, in opus reticulatum. Under the apse the peristyle of a late imperial domus can be seen; also a stretch of Roman aqueduct after the foundation of the city and a stretch of Greek road on an inclined plane.

Another attraction of the interior is the Royal Chapel of the Treasure of San Gennaro, with frescoes by Domenichino and Giovanni Lanfranco, altarpieces by Domenichino, Massimo Stanzione, and Jusepe Ribera, the rich high altar by Francesco Solimena, the bronze railing by Cosimo Fanzago and other artworks, including a reliquary by French masters of the 14th century.

Other artworks include an Assumption by Pietro Perugino, canvasses by Luca Giordano, and the palaeo-Christian baptistery, with mosaics from the 4th century. The main chapel is a restoration of the 18th century, with a Baroque relief by Pietro Bracci. The Minutolo Chapel, mentioned in Boccaccio's Decameron, has 14th-century frescoes.

The crypt is by the Lombard Tommaso Malvito. The façade was reworked by Enrico Alvino in the late 19th century but retains the 15th-century portal, including some sculptures by Tino da Camaino.

Miracle of the Blood

The church houses a vial of the blood of Saint Januarius, which is brought out three times a year, on the first Saturday in May, on 19 September, and 16 December, when the dried blood usually liquefies. If the blood fails to liquefy, then legend has it that disaster will befall Naples.

This text is based on a Wikipedia article written by contributors under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license.

Most visited sights


  Via Duomo, 147, 80138 Napoli NA, Italy
 +39 081 449097
Opening hours
8:30 AM – 1:00 PM, 3:00 – 7:30 PM
8:30 AM – 1:00 PM, 3:30 – 7:30 PM
8:30 AM – 1:00 PM, 3:30 – 7:30 PM
8:30 AM – 1:00 PM, 3:00 – 7:30 PM
8:30 AM – 1:00 PM, 3:00 – 7:30 PM
8:30 AM – 1:00 PM, 3:00 – 7:30 PM
8:30 AM – 1:30 AM
Recommended duration
2 hours to 2 hours 30 minutes
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